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Spain

This page contains specific information about the planning and implementation of smart villages in Spain. The information aims to orient people on policy planning, key contacts and resources on smart villages. However, it neither aims to be fully comprehensive, nor necessarily reflects the official government or European Commission position.

Explore how smart villages are being implemented in Spain.

You can also visit the page of the Smart Rural 21 selected village: Ansó

Key CAP contact(s) :

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA)
Website : https://www.mapa.gob.es/es/

Support for Smart Villages under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)

The Ministry of Agriculture initiated a series of meetings with relevant stakeholders for the preparation of the CAP Strategic Plan; the first one on 25 February 2020 with the 17 Regional Governments. The CAP SP is developed through participatory and multilevel approaches, involving all the Regional Governments, agricultural and environmental organisations, Ministry of Ecological Transition, the European Commission, and other interested organisations and citizens.

The Ministry has set up a high-level working group, which coordinates the work of various groups specialising in each of the nine specific objectives and the cross-cutting objective set out in the draft EU regulation.

The programming process of the CAP SP is divided into two main phases:

  • Phase I -Establishing the specific objectives: The groups specialised in each objective prepared the initial documents, as well as the SWOT and the needs analysis.
  • Phase II -Defining the CAP SP’s Intervention Strategy: Prioritisation of needs of the CAP SP and selection and design of interventions that will respond to priority needs.

 

Further information on CAP & smart villages :

Methodology for the development Strategic Plan for the CAP ( 01/2020 ) - Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) (Language : Spanish)

Key NRN contact(s) :

Spanish National Rural Network (Red Rural Nacional)
Website : http://www.redruralnacional.es/

Activities of the National Rural Network (NRN) on smart villages

  • NRN members were actively involved in the ENRD’s thematic group on Smart Villages.
  • The Spanish NRN was one of the co-organisers of the “Digitisation and Intelligent Rural Territories: For a Smart, Dynamic and Connected Rural World” event held in Añora (Córdoba) in 2018. As a result, a declaration was approved on innovation and digitisation as instruments to promote intelligent rural territories.

Key contact(s) :

Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda
Website : https://www.mitma.gob.es/
Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO)
Website : https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/

Support provided through other national/ regional policies & initiatives

The National Strategy for Ultrafast Network aims, among others, at establishing broadband connection of a speed of at least 30Mbps in Spanish municipalities with a population of maximum 5,000 inhabitants, with no access to fixed broadband. The programme is managed by the Red.es which is a public entity supervised by the Ministry of Economy and Digital Transformation through the Secretary of State for Digitalisation and Artificial Intelligence.

The National Strategy on the Demographic Challenge seeks to address the territorial imbalance between urban and rural areas, combat the depopulation of villages and provide responses to the country’s demographic challenge. This strategy establishes 7 cross-cutting objectives, based on three principles: coordination and cooperation of all public administrations, sustainable use of endogenous resources and close public-private partnership.

The Royal Decree Act 1234/2018 establishes subsidies to local entities for the financing of employment, self-employment and collective entrepreneurship projects, aimed at meeting the demographic challenge in the municipalities with the smallest populations.


Key organisations & contacts

HAZI was born as a tool of the Department of Economic Development and Infrastructures of the Basque Government for the definition and technical support in the implementation of its policies and actions. It works to promote the competitiveness and sustainability of the primary and food sectors of the Basque rural and coastal areas.

Key activities :
  • Dissemination activities to promote the ‘smart villages’ approach;
  • Capacity-building activities;
  • Promoting a ‘smart villages’ network in the Basque Country.


The Federation is the most widely established association of local entities at the national level, bringing together a total of 7 410 local, county and island councils, representing over 95% of Spanish local governments

Key activities :
  • Dissemination activities to promote the ‘smart villages’ approach
  • Support of the national ‘smart villages’ platform



Further key resources

Energy efficiency and bioclimatic architecture guidelines – Ansó (Spain)
Council of Ansó , Paisaje Transversal ( 07/2021 – 09/2021 )
Guidelines on the architectural sustainability, energy efficiency and bioclimatic architecture for the rehabilitation of Ansó’ sawmill.
Language : Spanish

Sawmill rehabilitation strategy – Ansó (Spain)
Council of Ansó , Paisaje Transversal ( 07/2021 – 09/2021 )
A document defining the basic project architecture of the Ansó sawmill rehabilitation.
Language : Spanish

Mulicentre Management Model -– Ansó (Spain)
Council of Ansó , Paisaje Transversal ( 07/2021 – 09/2021 )
Management plan for Ansó’s sawmill, outlining the ‘what’, the ‘how’ and the ‘why’ of the management of the future El Aserradero multi-activity centre and its planned activities.
Language : Spanish

Stakeholder Engagement Action Plan – Ansó (Spain)
Council of Ansó , Ixambre Cooperativa ( 01/2022 – 06/2022 )
One of Ansó’s strategies, the Stakeholder Engagement Action Plan intends to facilitate involvement of the various local social segments and institutions and the implementation of other strategies, among which, a Smart Village strategy
Language : Spanish

Technologies for Smart Communities and AURORAL middleware
Marcos Nogueira - AURORAL H2020 Project ( 18/10/2022 )
A presentation on the AURORAL Horizon 2020 project, given in the workshop “When is digital technology becoming a ‘game-changer’ in improving local services?” at the Smart Rural 21 project’s Final Conference of 17-18 October 2022 in Sopot, Poland.
Language : English

Smart Villages in the technological, social and participatory
Spanish National Rural Network (Red Rural Nacional) ( 2022 )
A comprehensive overview of Smart Village developments at Europe-an and Spanish levels, including a presentation of the Smart Rural 21 project, its selected Spanish village, Ansó, as well as other active Span-ish communities.
Language : Spanish

Smart villages: Revitalising Rural Services
European Network for Rural Development Contact Point (ENRD CP) ( 09/07/2018 )
A video with Spanish subtitles produced by the ENRD Contact Point summarising what a ‘smart village’ represents from different perspectives.
Language : English, Spanish

The Smart Rural 21 Project & the SR21 villages
Peter Plant , Wiet van Meel , Edina Ocsko , Alberto Alfonso Pordomingo , Szidónia Nagy-Menyhárt - Municipality of Remetea , Torup Ting , Tussenheid Hilvarenbeek , E40 , Apadrinaunolivo.org ( 18/03/2022 )
A presentation on the state-of-play of the Smart Rural 21 project and four of its participating villages: Remetea (Romania) and Torup (Denmark); and the Come Along! villages Oliete (Spain) and Hilvarenbeek (The Netherlands). The presentation was given at the 4th Smart Rural 21 Regional Workshop.
Language : English

Smart Village Strategy of Ansó
Blanca Alfonso de la Riva , Montse Castán - Council of Ansó ( 05/11/2021 )
A presentation given at the 2nd Regional Workshop of the Smart Rural 21 project on the smart strategy of Ansó, one of the project’s 21 selected villages. Ansó’s aim is to create the ideal living conditions for stabilising the population and attracting new residents.
Language : English

Urban and rural agenda, combating depopulation and developing agriculture
Government of Spain ( 2021 )
One of the 10 lever policies of the Spanish Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan – the one that is most directly linked to the development of rural areas. Two components in particular foresee funding for rural areas:
  • Component 2: Plan for housing rehabilitation and urban regeneration;
  • Component 3: Environmental and digital transformation of the agri-food and fisheries systems.
 

Language : Spanish

Smart Rural Territory – Reditus
Territorio Rural Inteligente ( 2020 )
A think tank, bringing together a group of experts with experience in the different areas of the development of the rural environment, agriculture and livestock, economy, services, technology and other disciplines
Language : Spanish

Andalucía Smart
Andalucía Regional Government
Andalucía’s regional strategy for smart cities and villages.
Language : Spanish

Smart City working group Córdoba
Córdoba Deputation ( 04/12/2012 – Ongoing )
The first working group of the Córdoba Network of Municipalities towards sustainability, whose general objective is to promote collaboration and exchange of experiences in order to achieve sustainable development in the municipalities (cities and villages) of the province of Córdoba. The group was formed on 4 December 2012
Language : Spanish

Añora Declaration
Spanish National Rural Network (Red Rural Nacional) ( 22/05/2018 – 31/05/2018 )
The declaration was produced on the basis of contributions by experts who attended the event ‘Digitalisation and Intelligent Rural Territories: for a Smart, Dynamic and Connected Rural World’ of 31 May 2018 in Añora, Córdoba, Spain. The event saw an exchange of experience and good practice related to innovation and digitalisation as instruments to promote smart rural territories. It was organised by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment, with the collaboration of the National Rural Network.    
Language : Spanish

PREE 5000 Programme
Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDEA) ( 2021 )
Investment plan for energy rehabilitation of buildings in municipalities facing a demographic challenge. PREE 5000 funds actions ranging from changes in the thermal envelope, to the replacement of thermal generation facilities with fossil fuels for thermal generation based on renewable sources and the incorporation of regulation and control technologies, as well as the improvement in energy efficiency in lighting. In addition, the Programme promotes actions carried out by renewable energy communities or citizen energy communities, as set out in the latest directives on renewable energies and the internal energy market.
Language : Spanish

DUS 5000 Programme
Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDEA) ( 2021 )
Investment plan for unique local clean energy projects in municipalities with facing a demographic challenge. The objective of the DUS 5000 Programme is to give a boost to Sustainable Urban Development in municipalities with demographic challenges, through actions that constitute unique clean energy projects. These can include energy efficiency projects in public buildings and infrastructures, promoting green investments, as well as sustainable mobility, ensuring the participation of municipalities in the deployment of charging infrastructure and promoting electric vehicles, including energy saving measures.
Language : Spanish

Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan
Government of Spain ( 2021 )
A Spanish Government strategy to channel the Next Generation Funds. This strategy and the funds are distributed in the country through four cross-cutting topics:  ecological transition; digital transformation; social and territorial cohesion; and gender equality.  Through these themes, 10 lever policies are projected, comprising 30 components that articulate coherent investment and reform projects to modernise the country. Although most of them are horizontal in nature, for the economy as a whole, some are specifically aimed at boosting the modernisation of key sectors, such as trade, tourism, agri-food, health, the automotive industry and public administrations themselves
Language : Spanish

National Programme for Innovation and Research in Agri-Food and Forestry
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) ( 2015 )
The main objectives of the programme are to:
  • Establish a clear diagnosis of research, development and innovation in agri-food and forestry sectors, including identification of challenging areas where strategic measures are needed in order to contribute to the sectors’ competitiveness and sustainability.
  • Contribute to the advancement and popularisation of innovation processes in these sectors through a user-friendly tool for dissemination and search for innovative solutions, with a clear language for those who are not yet familiar with the world of research and innovation.

Language : Spanish

I Action Plan 2019-2020 of the Digitalisation Strategy
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) ( 2019 )
The Digitalisation Strategy for the agri-food and forestry sectors and the rural environment is implemented through biennial Action Plans, which establish the specific actions to be carried out in order to achieve its objectives. The execution of the I Action Plan 2019-2020 has already been completed and the execution of the II Action Plan begins in 2021.
Language : Spanish

Strategy of the Digitalisation of the agri-food and forestry sectors and the rural areas
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) ( 2019 )
The Strategy defines the specific lines and measures necessary to promote the digital transformation of the agri-food and forestry sectors and the rural environment, as well as the necessary instruments for its implementation. Its general objective is to eliminate or reduce the technical, legislative, economic and training barriers that currently exist, thus contributing to the leadership of an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable agri-food sector, and to the active population of the rural environment, making it a more attractive, lively, dynamic and diversified place, generating wealth and quality employment, with special attention to young people and women.
Language : English

Joint Cross-Border Development Strategy
Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge ( 2021 )
The Strategy was created with the aim of converting a border area considered peripheral into a nerve centre of the Iberian Peninsula. It is a living and flexible document that seeks to address the specific needs of border territories. The Strategy’s purpose is to guarantee equal rights and opportunities on both sides of the border between Spain and Portugal, placing people at the centre of its actions, and to establish itself as a wealth-generating framework capable of improving their quality of life. The document is the result of a firm commitment of the governments of Portugal and Spain
Language : English

Recovery Plan: 130 measures to meet the Demographic Challenge
Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge ( 2021 )
A  document setting out 130 measures, structured along 10 main lines of action oriented towards a broad set of objectives that promote equal opportunities and territorial restructuring.
Language : Spanish

Plan for measures against the Demographic Challenge
Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge ( 2021 )
A web page including information about 130 measures, the 10 main lines of action, along which these are structured, and documentation on expression of interest to identify key projects to tackle the Demographic Challenge in the fight against depopulation.
Language : Spanish

Royal Decree Act 1234/2018
Ministry of Territorial Policy and the Civil Service ( 05/10/2018 )
The Act establishes the regulatory basis for a direct granting of subsidies to local entities for the financing of employment, self-employment and collective entrepreneurship projects in the aim of addressing the demographic challenge in municipalities with a smaller population. It is carried out within the framework of the Operational Programme for Youth Employment of the European Social Fund.
Language : Spanish

National Strategy on the Demographic Challenge presentation
Ministry of Territorial Policy and the Civil Service ( 2019 )
A presentation of the National Strategy on the Demographic Challenge, summarising the General Guidelines and main contents of the Strategy.
Language : Spanish

General Guidelines to the National Strategy on the Demographic Challenge
Ministry of Territorial Policy and the Civil Service ( 03/2019 )
The guidelines propose a strategy of a global and transversal nature, from a multidisciplinary perspective, that designs forward-looking responses to alleviate issues of ageing population, territorial depopulation and floating population.
Language : Spanish

National Strategy on the Demographic Challenge
Ministry of Territorial Policy and the Civil Service ( 2019 )
A website containing the main documents and information about the National Strategy on the Demographic Challenge.
Language : Spanish

Aid programme for high-speed broadband access
Red.es ( 2019 – 31/12/2020 )
A programme for contracting high-speed fixed broadband access services that is part of a set of measures adopted by the Spanish government within the National Strategy for Ultra-fast Networks.

Summary Highlights of the Smart Village Strategy of Ansó (Spain)
Council of Ansó ( 12/2020 )
The Summary Highlights of the Smart Village Strategy of Ansó has been developed in the context of the ‘Preparatory Action for Smart Rural Areas in the 21st Century’ project funded by the European Commission.
Language : English

Smart Village Strategy of Ansó (Spain)
Council of Ansó ( 12/2020 )
The Smart Village Strategy of Ansó has been developed in the context of the ‘Preparatory Action for Smart Rural Areas in the 21st Century’ project funded by the European Commission.
Language : Spanish

Smart Rural – Empowering the Rural Community to use Mobile Technology
Catherine Murphy - Cork Institute of Technology (CIT) ( 01/09/2015 – 31/08/2018 )
Innovative European Funded Erasmus + research project called ‘SmartRural’ with three other partners from Austria, France and Spain. The project looked at how ICT and mobile applications can be used to enhance agricultural activities as well as improving productivity, social and economic activities in rural communities. The project suggested the creation of an ad hoc training methodology based on the famers’s needs, offering them basic and specific knowledge on mobile applications. The project concluded with a conference entitled ‘The Future of Technology on the Farm’.  
Language : English

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